The History of Ships
HistoryOfShips.net is place where you can read all about history of different types of ships, maritime, sailing and sails. Also, here you can find interesting information about ships, boats and other historical watercrafts.
Since the dawn of time, we made ships, first small and primitive and then larger and more sophisticated.
In the times of primitive technologies we used primitive techniques to build ships. Today we mastered different materials and much improved ideas to build ships that can carry thousands of people and still get to their destination. Read more interesting facts about ships and boats.
Since we used a fallen trunk of a tree for the first time to cross the water that we could not wade through many years have passed. We found new materials and new technologies that allowed us to build bigger and better ships. Read more about history of ships.
Wanting to conquer water as it did land, humanity invented ships. By definition a ship has been any large buoyant watercraft. But it is not so simple
because so are boats. Some say that ships can carry a boat but boat can’t carry a ship (difference in size) while other say that boat has only one deck
while a ship can have many. There is also definition that they have different centers of gravity (above and below water) and when turning, boat will lean
into a curve while a ship will lean out. Truth is that they are both part of the same history. They developed alongside humanity and become an important
part of modern commercial and military systems. In most maritime traditions ships have individual names. Modern ships may belong to a ship class often
named after the first ship of that class.
In the beginning, some 10,000 years ago, people used rafts made from bamboo, bundles of reeds, air filled animal skins and asphalt covered baskets to cross
bodies of water. There are also theories that the earliest seaworthy boats may have been developed as early as 45,000 years ago and were used for
habitation of Australia. First uses for these kinds of boats were for travel and food gathering (fishing). By around 3000 BC, Ancient Egyptians made ships
from wooden planks and woven straps and used them in trade. The first recorded ship with name belongs to them. It was called Praise of the Two Lands from
2613 BC. Others also built their ships: Minoan civilization in Crete had evolved into a naval power in 2000 BC while the Phoenicians were the first to sail
completely around Africa. Ancient Greeks were not far behind: they explored and colonized the Mediterranean by ships and around 340 BC, the Greek navigator
Pytheas of Massalia sailed from Greece to Western Europe and today’s Great Britain. By the 2nd century BC, Rome called Mediterranean - Mare Nostrum (Our
Sea). At the same time China developed its navy as well as naval technology is water tight compartments. At first these civilizations used celestial
navigation but in time they developed magnetic compass and started using cartography.
Navigational technology didn’t change much until the Renaissance, and remained fairly primitive but that did not prevent some civilizations, like Genoa and
Venice, Hanseatic League, Byzantine Empire and Vikings, to become sea powers. 14th century sees new ideas in the ship design and ships began to develop
towers on the bow and stern. These towers in time changed to forecastle and sterncastle. Freeboard is also increased which allowed for artillery. During
the 15th century, China's Ming Dynasty assembled one of the largest and most powerful naval fleets in the world for the diplomatic and power projection
voyages of Zheng He. Others, like Swahili Kingdoms, the Somali sultanates, Arabia, India, Venetia, Persia, Egypt and Portugal also traded across the
oceans. Japan had one of the world's first iron-clads in the 15th century. Columbus sailed Atlantic and after that European exploration rapidly
Ships grew bigger and different in use. There were warships but there were also fishing ships and ships for cargo - trading ships. Maritime trade was
driven by the development of shipping companies which went hand-in-hand with exploration. In 18th century, the French Navy developed a new type of military
ship known as a ship of the line which many European fighting fleets started using. They were 56m long and had crew of 800 men. In the 19th century clipper
was invented which was popular as cargo ship until the first steam ships. Late 19th century brings industrial revolution and new mechanical methods of
propulsion, and ships made from metal.
Today, ships are still used for travel, trade and in wars. Military ships are generally “divided” between United States, Russia, United Kingdom and China.